Many of us have experienced burns in our everyday life, as a result of the exposure to heat, chemicals or, etc. In this section, we will explain how to treat different kinds of burns.
How to treat thermal burns?
When you want to give first aid to the victim of thermal burns, you should remove the heat source from the environment. If you cannot do it, move the victim to safety immediately. You should try to move the victim without touching the burned areas, as it might create further damage to the skin. Finally, lie down the victim so that burned areas do not touch the ground.
Remove cloth of burn victims
After moving the victim to a place of safety, check him immediately and call an ambulance if necessary. Remove burnt clothes using scissors, but do not remove clothing if it is stuck in the skin.
Remove rings, bracelets, watches, shoes, etc because they can cause serious problems if swelling occurs later.
How to treat a burn?
Naturally, the amount of time that skin is exposed to the heat has a direct relation to the amount of damage you suffer. So, if you be able to reduce the temperature of the burned area immediately, it will help a lot in diminishing the degree of damage. The best way to cool the skin is to place it under cool running water for at least 20 minutes. If you do not have enough water available, find a clean cloth and make it wet and put it on the burned location. You should moisten the cloth regularly to be sure it will cool the burn.
When burn affects a large portion of the body such as a complete limb, you should not use water to lower the temperature. In this case, lowering the temperature by running water or by immersing the total limb in water can lower the victim’s temperature dramatically and result in shock. In order to lower the temperature in this condition, you should also use a wet cloth. At the same time, you should cover the non-damaged parts of the victim’s body with a blanket to prevent loss of temperature.
If you want to use water for lowering the temperature, you should only use pure water and not salt water or ice. Substances like toothpaste, butter or potato are among proposed home remedies for burn treatment. Though science has not proven their effectiveness, since they do not have any effect in lowering the temperature, meanwhile they increase the risk of infection.
Stop drop and roll
When you are near a flame, bear in mind that your clothes can catch fire easily. When a person’s clothes catch fire, they usually start to run away, which is the worst thing an individual can do, because it gives the fire more oxygen. The best thing a person can do is to lie down, protect their face with hands and roll on the ground.
If you want to help another person whose clothes catch on fire, first you should stop him from running. Then find a fire blanket or a woolen blanket and wrap it around the victim and roll him on the ground. You should never use plastic blankets for this purpose, because it may catch fire itself.
Make sure you put out victim’s fire completely, before transporting him to the hospital. In some cases, victim’s clothes are still burning when he reaches the hospital!
How to treat chemical burns?
Nowadays, we have lots of chemical agents in our house some of them can cause serious skin damage if we do not use them cautiously. When chemical burns happen, you should clean the agent from the skin immediately by wearing gloves and cleaning the skin using a brush or a cloth. Then you should remove all the contaminated clothes and wash the skin under running water for at least 20 minutes.
Chemical eye burn
Chemicals can damage eyes more seriously than other parts of the body. So, you should always wear protective glasses while using hazardous chemicals. If your eye is infected with chemicals, you should wash it under running water for at least 20 minutes. In order to prevent the spread of chemicals from one eye to the other, the direction of water should be from the bridge of your nose to the outside of your face.
People who have some familiarity with chemistry might think that instead of water, they can use other chemical agents to neutralize the burning chemicals. For example, they might think that instead of washing an alkaline burn with water, they can use some acid to neutralize the base. Though, this is totally wrong and can increase the damage. You should only use water in chemical burns, not any other chemical agent.
Should you pop a blister?
Do not puncture burn blisters because this increases the risk of infection. However, if the blister is too large, it will burst on its own, so it is necessary to see a doctor to drain the fluid.
You’re at a higher risk of tetanus infection if burn damages your skin. In these cases, see your doctor for a tetanus shot.